Has Acne Already Damaged Your Skin?

Acne, a skin disorder of the sebaceous glands, is characterized by comedones and blemishes and is a hereditary trait which is also triggered by hormonal changes.

Acne ranges from mild breakouts to disfiguring cysts and scarring. Causes of acne include the following:

  • clogged pores – a plug of mixed dead skin cells and sebum in the follicle.
  • bacteria – when follicles are blocked with sebum and dead skin cell build-up, oxygen cannot reach the bottom of the follicle, resulting in bacteria growth.
  • cosmetics and products – moisturizers and sunscreens should be water based.

Acne is broken down into four grades. The number of lesions, comedones, papules, pustules or cysts present determines the severity of the acne.

  • Grade I – Minor breakouts, mostly open comedones, some closed comedones and a few papules and pustules.
  • Grade II – Many closed comedones, more open comedones and more papules and pustules.
  • Grade III – Red and inflamed, many papules and pustules.
  • Grade IV – Cystic acne. Cysts with comedones, papules, pustules and inflammation are present.

 

Hormonal changes, stress and certain foods may aggravate acne.

  • Hormones – during puberty, androgens stimulate sebaceous glands and testosterone causes an increase in oil production. Adult acne is more common in females. Hormonal fluctuations from birth control pills, premenstrual changes, pregnancy and menopause can lead to acne inflammation in women.
  • Stress – stress causes hormonal fluctuations and increased sebum production.
  • Foods – eating fresh vegetables and fruits and increasing water intake seem to help those with acne experience fewer breakouts.
  • Irritations – pressure or friction from rubbing or touching the face, phone use, or wearing hats can contribute to acne breakouts. Dirty pillow or makeup brushes can also transfer bacteria to the face. Keeping hands and items that touch the face clean can help keep the skin from breaking out more.

In the field of skin care, we define the process of removing excess accumulations of dead cells from the outer layers of the skin as superficial peeling. Peels are used to control skin conditions such as acne, hyperpigmentation, clogged pores, eczema and dry skin.

After treatment, skin looks and feels smoother and softer. Peels dramatically enhance the skin’s health and appearance. After having a peel, you should not necessarily expect to “peel.” However, you might have light flaking in a few localized areas for a couple of days. Most clients who undergo these treatments have only residual redness for anywhere from one to twelve hours.

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Dermaplaning: The Quickest Way to Get The Most Beautiful Face Ever

What Is Dermaplaning?

Dermaplaning is the controlled scraping of the skin using a sterile, stainless steel blade for the removal of dead skin cells as well as all of the “fuzz” (fine facial hair).

It immediately rejuvenates the skin and is highly effective in minimizing the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles and acne scars, while leaving skin smooth, supple and vibrant.

It also increases penetration of active ingredients in professional treatments and home care products.

 

Dermaplaning is an ideal treatment for women with fine (otherwise known as vellus) hair all over their faces.

The growth of this type of hair, which can appear like a light fuzz on the face, can make the application of make-up difficult and occurs for many women as they undergo menopause and experience hormonal changes.  Removing this hair with laser treatments is not a viable option for many since the hair can be white or blonde and the light then cannot capture it for effective hair removal.

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Mature Skin and Hormones

As we age, our skin goes through significant changes as a result of shifts in hormone balance. Microcirculation is affected by this balance.

 

As women enter perimenopause  in their 40s and continue into menopause (50s) there is a decrease in estrogen. As estrogen depletes, the skin begins to lose its tone, all tissues begin to thin, vascular and capillary walls begin to weakenthere is less moisture in the tissuescell turnover is reduced and protective pigment lessens.

Hormone replacement is often suggested for women experiencing menopause. These therapies may be derived from animal-source estrogens and plant-source estrogens. Estrogens from plants are about 400 times weaker than animal estrogens.

Hormonal changes are the cause of the microcirculation problems that are common in mature skin. One such problem is red blotches and rosacea. Some of the causes of couperose veins are:

  • alcohol
  • smoking
  • sun damage
  • harsh cosmetics
  • heat/cold fluctuations
  • topical corticosteroids
  • inflammation

These all lead to permanent dilation of the capillaries. The following ingredients are proven to have a positive effect  on mature and rosacea skin:

  • green tea
  • squalane oil – rich in vitamins A,D, and E
  • seaweed
  • camomile
  • allantoin

Microcirculation problems are best controlled with a combination of medical therapies, including in-office treatments, daily care products and lifestyle considerations.

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Causes Of Excess Hair Growth

Everyone has hair follicles all over their body except for the palms of their hands and the soles of their feet. In women, the follicles on the face, arms and body usually produce tiny, almost invisible hairs (vellus) that are not generally noticed. However, sometimes this hair growth is so thick and/or dark that it becomes very obvious.

There are racial differences in the degree of hair growth on the face and body. Individuals of Mediterranean and Semitic decent are hairier than those of Nordic or Anglo-Saxon decent. Whites are hairier than blacks, while Orientals and American Indians are the least hairy.

If the increase in excess hair has been relatively sudden or rapid, you may have a hormonal disorder. Hirsutism refers to androgen (male hormone) dependent, terminal hair growth in a male sexual pattern, occurring in women. The commonest areas involved (and the best indicators of an elevated hormone) are the chin, chest, abdomen and pubic thigh areas.

Unwanted facial and/or body hair can result from drug treatment. These drugs include Dilantin, cyclosporine, danazol, anabolic steroids, minoxidil, diazoxide, tamoxifen, and high doses of cortisone over long periods of time.

Increased facial hair growth is fairly common after menopause. Hairs on the upper lip, the chin, and the sides of the face become darker, thicker and courser. This increased hair growth is not considered abnormal.

Unwanted hair can be an annoying and embarrassing problem for many women, men and teens. Most people have tweezed, shaved, waxed and used depilatories with only temporary results – often causing increased growth, ingrown hair and skin damage. The sites of body hair that individuals find undesirable are varied. Men most frequently shave their facial hair and mature males often need to remove excess nasal and ear hair. In women, the underarms, legs, abdomen, bikini, breasts, face and eyebrows are common sites of cosmetic reasons for hair removal.

Laser hair removal is a safe and effective treatment  for all skin types.

Most hair growth is normal. But if you are concerned that it may be abnormal, you should consult your physician to determine whether your hair growth is indeed abnormal or excessive.

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