Double Trouble: Wrinkles and Acne

 

Just as wrinkles start to make you feel old, zits bring you back to your youth. At least a quarter of women ages 35 to 55 have acne. Though adult acne can be the result of a hormonal imbalance (just as in your ten years), it usually flares premenstrually or during times of increased stress. It also usually crops up along the jaw, chin and neck, whereas teen acne is typically across the entire face.

Causes and Recommended Treatment

  1. Oil, when it gets hard in the pores, can cause plugs. Cleanse the skin to loosen existing plugs of oils, bacteria and other debris.
  2. Comedogenic oils can cause the oil glands to become clogged, such as Vaseline. Use oils that are not comedogenic; vitamin E, castor oil, oil of borage and wheat germ are just a few.
  3. Bacteria found on objects can be transmitted to one’s skin causing breakouts in that particular area. Hair products block pores around the hairline. Avoid contact with objects that might be bacteria-ridden such as phones, hands, workout clothing, dirty pillow cases. Clean objects regularly with alcohol or antibacterial wipes, where applicable.
  4. Oily ingredients in makeup can clog pores. Rancid oil from old makeup carries bacteria. Not removing makeup before going to bed may cause breakouts. Avoid makeup that is very heavy or that contains comedogenic oils. “Oil Free” does not mean “non-comedogenic.” Wash applicators frequently.
  5. Over stimulating the oil glands topically can happen when using alcohol or products that dry the skin out. Skin can be oily and still be dry (dehydrated). Avoid products that over-stimulate the oil glands. Remember that with respect to oil and hydration,  balance is the key to beautiful skin.
  6. Scarring may occur from picking at deep (cystic) acne and forcing the substance out so that it tears the skin, leaving the tissue broken, which forms into a scar. Control the acne before it becomes a problem. Leave extractions to a professional. Chemical peelings address acne problems.

What Is Available To Treat Acne?

  1. Oral Medication – Accutane for the most severe cases. Outcome (one to three months) is usually good; regular blood monitoring is required. This medication is systemic and causes extreme dryness and flakiness. There may be hormonal changes that not everyone can tolerate.
  2. Chemical Peeling – uses acids and enzymes to unclog the pores and balance the skin’s surface. Most people require ongoing treatments, which depend on the severity of the cases, but with continuing treatments you can achieve excellent results. Superficial monthly peels help with maintenance.
  3. Home Care – most important because there is no such thing as a one time quick fix. Consistency of maintenance is the key to the condition of the skin (washing and hydrating). Personal hygiene is within your control and you should participate in your skin care and wellness.

Conclusion

Skin changes as you change, internally and externally and according to environment and climate. Awareness and good maintenance of the skin is a balance and the key to healthy and beautiful skin.

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Has Acne Already Damaged Your Skin?

Acne, a skin disorder of the sebaceous glands, is characterized by comedones and blemishes and is a hereditary trait which is also triggered by hormonal changes.

Acne ranges from mild breakouts to disfiguring cysts and scarring. Causes of acne include the following:

  • clogged pores – a plug of mixed dead skin cells and sebum in the follicle.
  • bacteria – when follicles are blocked with sebum and dead skin cell build-up, oxygen cannot reach the bottom of the follicle, resulting in bacteria growth.
  • cosmetics and products – moisturizers and sunscreens should be water based.

Acne is broken down into four grades. The number of lesions, comedones, papules, pustules or cysts present determines the severity of the acne.

  • Grade I – Minor breakouts, mostly open comedones, some closed comedones and a few papules and pustules.
  • Grade II – Many closed comedones, more open comedones and more papules and pustules.
  • Grade III – Red and inflamed, many papules and pustules.
  • Grade IV – Cystic acne. Cysts with comedones, papules, pustules and inflammation are present.

 

Hormonal changes, stress and certain foods may aggravate acne.

  • Hormones – during puberty, androgens stimulate sebaceous glands and testosterone causes an increase in oil production. Adult acne is more common in females. Hormonal fluctuations from birth control pills, premenstrual changes, pregnancy and menopause can lead to acne inflammation in women.
  • Stress – stress causes hormonal fluctuations and increased sebum production.
  • Foods – eating fresh vegetables and fruits and increasing water intake seem to help those with acne experience fewer breakouts.
  • Irritations – pressure or friction from rubbing or touching the face, phone use, or wearing hats can contribute to acne breakouts. Dirty pillow or makeup brushes can also transfer bacteria to the face. Keeping hands and items that touch the face clean can help keep the skin from breaking out more.

In the field of skin care, we define the process of removing excess accumulations of dead cells from the outer layers of the skin as superficial peeling. Peels are used to control skin conditions such as acne, hyperpigmentation, clogged pores, eczema and dry skin.

After treatment, skin looks and feels smoother and softer. Peels dramatically enhance the skin’s health and appearance. After having a peel, you should not necessarily expect to “peel.” However, you might have light flaking in a few localized areas for a couple of days. Most clients who undergo these treatments have only residual redness for anywhere from one to twelve hours.

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The Best Treatment For Hyperpigmentation (Brown Spots)

Hyperpigmentation is a condition that affects many people. As acne blemishes heal, they leave dark spots on the skin. Sun exposure also causes dark pigmentation areas on the skin that clients often want to diminish. The best preventative measure is to stay out of the sun and wear sunscreen daily. Peels and brightening agents can be effective in reducing breakouts and some of these hyperpigmented areas. Hydroquinone is the only FDA approved agent. It is not a bleaching agent, but a melanin suppressant. Brighteners such as kojic acid, mulberry, licorice root, bearberry and azaleic acid are known to reduce pigmentation. These affect melanin production and are more effective when used with peels.

 

Peel Benefits

Peels improve the texture of the skin and increase hydration, moisture retention, elastin and collagen production.

Peels also reduce fine lines, wrinkles and pigmentation. After treatment, skin looks and feels smoother and softer.

Peels are used to control skin conditions such as  hyperpigmentation and clogged pores.

When It Comes To Professional Treatments, Trust The Experts

Whether you are trying to even out skin discoloration, clear acneic/blemished skin, smooth fine lines and wrinkles, improve the texture of your skin or reduce redness, you may be a candidate for a peel. It is your physician’s, nurse’s or skin care professional’s role to select what type of peel is right for your skin type and condition. They are the key to creating a customized plan that will help you achieve younger-looking, healthy, beautiful skin.

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Tips To Help Control Acne Prone Skin

Most acne stems from the following:
  • 5 – 10% is hereditary
  • improper hygiene
  • diet/health issues
  • medications
  • the use of wrong products

What is the fastest way to get results with acne prone skin?

  • Change pillow cases often.
  • Never use a wash cloth as it transfers the P-acne around.
  • Cleanse face two times a day at a minimum, more if you are into sports.
  • You need to moisturize. Be sure to use the correct one to balance out oil production.
  • Get clinical treatments (peels, facial, extractions) at least once a month.

Acne is a complex disease and the degree of control varies. It is not necessary to let acne make your life miserable and it need not be feared as something as untreatable. Most cases can be controlled, minimizing the severity and resulting scarring. Left untreated, it can result in permanent scarring and affect your self-image.

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What Is Your Fitzpatrick Skin Type?

The skin and hair color are of prime importance for successful laser hair removal. Therefore, skin and hair color must be examined prior to a laser treatment.

Hair Color – Dark hair (such as black and brown) is considered ideal. Dark, fine hair and light skin is considered to be the best combination for laser hair removal. White, gray, red and blond hair is not recognized by the laser.

Skin Color – Fitzpatrick Skin Type is an evaluative system developed by Dr. Thomas Fitzpatrick to assess skin color and a person’s tendency to tan or burn. The chart below can be used to determine your Fitzpatrick Skin Type.

Once a person’s  hair color and Fitzpatrick skin type are taken into account we can determine the course of treatment for laser hair removal and chemical peels. Some lasers cannot be used on Fitzpatrick types V and VI.

Though everyone is at risk for damage as a result of excessive sun exposure, people with skin types I and II are at the highest risk.

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Clients and Professionals Prefer Chemical Peels

The continuous search for the fountain of youth has sparked a flurry of new technologies targeting the signs of aging. However, superficial chemical peels continue to be the treatment of choice for giving skin an overall more youthful appearance by improving it’s tone and texture.

 Chemical peels are ranked the most commonly performed non-surgical cosmetic procedure, second only to Botox. They offer an effective and non-invasive alternative in the arsenal of anti-aging strategies.

Superficial chemical peels are a smart choice for aging skin as they smooth surface texture, clear pores, kill bacteria and leave the skin fresh, moist and youthful looking.

Once the skin has been exfoliated by a chemical peel, the newer cells beneath are able to absorb beneficial nutrients needed to even skin tone, stimulate cell turnover and rebuild collagen. What a client uses on her skin on a daily basis will make an immense difference in the quality of her skin by enhancing the end result of her professional treatment as well as prolonging the results.

Realistic Goals of Chemical Peels

  • Correct sun damage
  • Minimize the appearance of mild scarring
  • Lighten skin discoloration
  • Remove excessive or stubborn blackheads
  • Temporarily reduce excessive skin oil
  • Reduce acne

Unrealistic Goals of Chemical Peels

  • Remove or reduce the appearance of blood vessels in the skin
  • Change pore size
  • Remove keloid scars
  • Tighten sagging skin

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